Customs changes 2022: Every new control coming into effect in January – full list

Michael Ellis outlines the customs checks stats

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HMRC is urging businesses to prepare for customs changes that will come into effect in 2022. From January 1, 2022, traders will be subject to different Brexit checks and customs. Here’s everything you need to know about the six changes that will come into effect on New Year’s Day.

The UK’s “grace period” after Brexit will come to an end on January 1, 2022.

This means full customs controls will come into effect for goods moving between the EU and the UK on New Year’s Day.

Temporary arrangements for movements from Ireland

Full customs controls will be introduced on January 1 for goods moving between the EU and Great Britain, but goods from Ireland and Northern Ireland will be exempt.

The current customs arrangements for goods moving from Ireland and Northern Ireland to Great Britain will remain the same.

This extension will last for as long as discussions between the UK and EU on the operation of the Northern Ireland Protocol are ongoing.

Rules of origin for imports and exports

If your business imports food, animal products, plants or plant products from the EU, then you might have to pre-notify these imports.

This means you’ll have to let the authorities know your shipment is entering the UK.

You’ll need to let the authorities know where in the EU your goods have come from.This is called the “Rules of Origin”.

You’ll have to be able to prove where the goods have been grown, produced or manufactured. But beware, this may not be the same country as the one you bought them from.

Customs declarations

Businesses moving goods into the UK from the EU must submit customs declarations.

You will have to do this at the time your courier or freight forwarder brings the goods into the UK.

You may have to pay additional tax and duty, or you may need an additional license or certificate to bring these goods to the UK.

You might be able to avoid providing a full customs declaration by applying for authorisation to use simplified declarations for imports. But be warned, the necessary checks for this can take up to 60 days.

Border controls

It will become mandatory for ports and other border locations to control goods moving between the UK and the EU.

If your goods do not have a valid declaration and haven’t received customs clearance, then they won’t be released into circulation (except in Ireland).

From New Year’s Day, your shipments might be sent to an Inland Border Facility to be checked if these checks cannot be done at the border.

You will also have to submit an “arrived” export declaration if your goods have moved through one of the border locations that use the arrived exports process.

Changes to commodity codes

On New Year’s Day, the UK’s commodity codes will be changed.

Commodity codes are issued by the World Customs Organisation every five years.

They are the six-digit codes used to classify goods that are imported and exported worldwide.

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